The Barnhart
a  quarterly  of  new  words

Keeping up with English into the 21st century!

Highlights in recent issues:

     brand station (transportation and advertising)
cellie1 (communications)
cellie2 (crime and law enforcement)
drafter (sports)
geocaching (sports)
google (computers)
gustnado (meteorology)
Lenny Skutnik moment (politics)
milk-can supper (cooking)
monetize the eyballs (business)
pin-drop syndrome (social behavior)
swarm intelligence (animal psychology)
turntablism (music)
up-talk (linguistics)


© 2000 - 2001 Lexik House Publishers.  All rights reserved.

brand station, {w}  a subway station in which all the advertising space is purchased by one company.  Standard (used in a context dealing especially with marketing and transportation; rare)

In New York City and Chicago, where the Metro and the “L” are the preferred modes of transport respectively, transit advertising in the form of “brand trains”  and “brand stations” are a huge hit with advertisers.  Brand train advertisers in New York City are a diverse bunch and currently include telecommunication and insurance companies, the Bronx zoo, New York University, Procter & Gamble and Seagram.  “India: All the world’s an ad space,” Business Line [India] (Nexis), April 13, 2000

Composite (compound); formed from brand (train) + station (OED: 1830). 

cellie or celly1, n. {w}  1. Another name for cellular telephone (DC 4.4).  Also called cellie phone.  Nonstandard (used in slang contexts dealing especially with technology and communications; frequency?)

Just ask Virginia Gov. Douglas Wilder, whose cellular conversations were tape recorded in 1988 and found their way into the office of a rival, Sen. Charles Robb.  Or ask Princess Di, who was supposedly caught talking to a boyfriend on the celly—at least, that’s what the British tabloid that obtained tapes of the conversation has been claiming. (Doubters were invited to pay 95 [CENTS] a minute to hear the tapes by phone.)  Joshua Quittner, “The Perils of Cellular Phone Calls,” Newsday [New York] (Nexis), Nov. 29, 1992, p 57

Hey, way to go there, Craigo! Don’t give them legislators no cellie phone.  Let them get out and go to the phones and carry a pocketful of quarters and dimes like all us people paying their wages have to do, and don’t even let them use them there phones in the car so then they can turn the motor off and won’t be burning up our gas money.  “readers’ vent line,” Charleston [W.Va.] Daily Mail (Nexis), Nov. 25, 1997, p 5A

2. cellie.  a person who uses a cellular telephone.

But there is a new type of camper: the “cellie.”  These are business men and women who believe camping out at a restaurant table is the new way to office.  They have a sandwich, then sit at the table from 11 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. talking on their cellular phones and sipping the coffee the server keeps refilling. Scott Joseph, “Here’s A Tip: Servers Feel Shortchanged,” Orlando Sentinel (Nexis), March 21, 1997, p 49

Composite (suffixation): formed from cell(ular telephone) (DC 4.4: 1981) + -y (OED: 1546 in laddy), as in telly (OEDs: 1940), short for television (or, + -ie (OED: 1681), as in roomie (OEDs: 1918)).

cellie or celly2, n. {w}  Another name for cellmate (RHWC: 1965-70).   Nonstandard (used in slang contexts dealing especially with crime and law enforcement; frequency?)

Cal: “It all looks the same, the people all look alike.  Pigs look like they come from one pig mold; cons from one con mold.  It’s confusing, frightening, frustrating, and an overall feeling of hopelessness sinks straight to your bones.  The clothes don’t fit.  Everything smells of printer’s ink.  You’re [sic] cellies don’t like you.  The pigs have no patience with you.”  Inez Cardozo-Freeman, “The Fish: Initiation Rites,” The Joint: Language and Culture in a Maximum Security Prison.  New York: Charles C. Thomas, 1986, p 68

Cellies are usually of the same race. Debbie was the best cellie I ever had.”  Reinhold Aman, Hillary Clinton’s Pen Pal, Maledicta Press, Santa Rosa, Calif., 1996, p 24

1966 (HDAS); 1984 (Nexis citation).  Composite (suffixation): formed from cell(mate) (RU2: n.d.) + -y (OED: 1546 in laddy), as in buddy (DA: 1850) (or, + -ie (OED: 1681), as in roomie (OEDs: 1918)).

drafter, n. {w}  a competitor in a race who follows another competitor in a race closely enough to take advantage of reduced air or water pressure behind the leader.   Standard (used in contexts dealing especially with sports; infrequent)

Drafting invites team tactics, which may add to the fascination but, according to Barry Voevodin, a columnist in 220, the triathlon magazine, makes it vulnerable to all sorts of domestique agendas. According to Voevodin: Their job would be to stick with their team buddy in the swim and bring them up to, or keep them ahead of, the bunch.  At the conclusion of the cycle, the fresh-legged drafter runs off to victory while the domestique walks or jogs the run course as a warm down.  To suggest this would not happen is naive. David Powell, “The sport of the future grappling with its past,” The Times [London] (Nexis), Dec. 28, 1995, Sport sect., p not given

Rukosuev finished in 1:49.25 but was caught drafting numerous times by officials. It is illegal to trail another rider by less than 18 feet, about three bike lengths, more than 15 seconds before or after passing.  Drafters gain an advantage conserving energy.  Ten age-group competitors and another pro, Denmark’s Stefan Laursen, also were disqualified for drafting.  Twenty-four others were assessed three-minute penalties.  Tim Buckley, “Kearns wins Tampa Bay Triathlon,” St. Petersburg [Fla.] Times (Nexis), April 27, 1992, p 1C

1992?  Composite (suffixation): formed, with suffix substitution, from draft(ing) + -er (OED), as in transporter (1535) and in-liner (DC 10.2: 1995).

eyeballs, n. {w}  Especially in the idiom monetize (the) eyeballs.  to convert viewing of a Web site into a sale of merchandise or services offered there.  Compare click-through.   Nonstandard (used in slang contexts dealing with commerce on the World Wide Web; frequency?)

But the tremendous interest in making money from the large number of people who frequent a site, or “monetizing eyeballs” (in industry parlance), also foretold profound changes for community sites.  Community sites began selling advertising to stay in business.  The sites incorporated and wrote business plans.  Some, like, went public.  Bob Tedeschi, “Now That They’ve Come, What Can We Sell Them?” The New York Times, March 29, 2000, E-Commerce sect., p 9

Don’t confuse this with investment capital, which is virtually limitless. No, this is the real ka-ching of customers who have accepted your value proposition.For Halloween fun, you can deploy the term “monetize eyeballs.” This sounds terrifying and ghoulish, but it actually refers to figuring out how to make money off people who are simply and innocently looking at your site. Joan O’C. Hamilton, “How to Talk the Talk,” Business Week (Nexis), Sept. 27, 1999, p EB92

You can’t value it on traditional metrics. You have to look at the drivers of growth. If you capture eyeball time, which Geocities obviously has done a great job of doing, you can monetize that eyeball time.” Or someone else can. Geocities has yet to turn a profit, but it is in the process of being acquired by Yahoo, and the payoff for CMGI has been huge. Justin Fox, “Net Stock Rules: Masters of a Parallel Universe,” Fortune (Nexis), June 7, 1999, p 66

Nick Sullivan,, says you still have to sell in order to monetize the eyeballs you attract; if your competitors are gaining market share as a result of having a strong web presence then you are almost forced to do that but if you have no strong competition then you can afford to be more leisurely.  “Morning Drive,” on WBBR-AM in Video Monitoring Services of America (Nexis), Feb. 24, 2000

In the final analysis, then, there are three moneymaking ways to build value for a content company: 1. Advertising 2. Marketing info 3. Most importantly, the ability to leverage the eyeballs e-commerce revenues and off-line referrals without having to build the infrastructure to support them.   Unlike Net firms perpetually in the red, those companies that show flexibility in  monetizing eyeballs  will justify their valuations through their revenues and profits. Yaacov Ben-Yaacov, “The death of content,” The Jerusalem Post (Nexis), April 9, 2000, p 9

1998.  Composite (compound): formed from monetize (OED: 1880) and eyeball (OED: 1590).

geocaching, gee oh CASH ing /,gi: ou’kæ iŋ/, n. {W}a computer game in which treasure hunters use the GPS (global positioning system) to locate hidden prizes.  Also called stash game.  Compare orienteering (OEDs: 1948).  Standard (used in contexts dealing especially with entertainment; infrequent)

He was geocaching, the latest fad in the never-ending pursuit of ways to use sophisticated technology to accomplish useless things.  Players leave caches and others find them, often hiking for hours and enduring physical hardships to do so.  For hundreds of enthusiasts worldwide, this high-tech Easter egg hunt is something to do with gadgets they have bought but may not have much use for.  John Schwartz, “What’s in a Game? A Use for a Gadget,” The New York Times, Oct. 26, 2000, p G1

Known as  geocaching,  participants bury a box containing “treasure”, log the co-ordinates, then upload the data to the geocaching website.  Once the box is found, players must remove the item inside, add one of their own, and write about their escapades in a journal in the box.  Treasure has already been left on cliff faces and underwater across several continents.  It is, perhaps, a sport for those with too much time on their hands, but you can see if there is treasure near you at  Mark Prigg, “Treasure chest,” Sunday Times [London] (Nexis), Oct. 8, 2000, p not given

Composite (compound): formed from geo(graphical) (OED: 1559) + caching [from cache, v., (DA: 1805)].

geocacher, n. (rare): The geocachers say that there is more to finding a cache than simply following an arrow on a screen.  Getting to the caches can involve strenuous climbing and hiking, and then a little looking around.  In doing so, they happen upon great natural sites and vistas. John Schwartz, “What’s in a Game? A Use for a Gadget,” The New York Times, Oct. 26, 2000, p G8

Google, v.t. {w}  1. to search (a subject) on the World Wide Web using the Google search engine.  Standard (used in informal contexts dealing especially with computers and communication;  frequent)

“I always Google before dates. It is a must,” said a 24-year-old researcher at a high-tech magazine in San Francisco, who asked not to be named for fear that someone would Google her. “One time I Googled (actually Nexised and Googled—I’m in research) and found out that my blind date had done the same for me . . . .” They did not go out again. Turned out that Googling each other was about the only thing they had in common.  Hilary E. McGregor, “Don’t Just Stand There—Google; Today’s dating mantra: Before you go out, go online and run a search on your prospect. But it’s hit or miss,” Los Angeles Times (ProQuest), Feb. 9, 2001, p E.1


Some new and old words crept into the fashion vocabulary during the shows.  Several designers, including Michael Kors, used a type of fur called orylag.  Not seeing the term in our numerous fashion dictionaries, we Googled it. tells us it’s a type of fur similar to chinchilla, in the leporis family, that was developed in France in the early 1990s. Suzanne Brown, “Views and a little news from N.Y.,” Denver Post (ProQuest), Feb. 21, 2002, p H.01


For Dan Dupre, 53, the search began when he recently noticed “29th Bomb Group” etched into the grave marker of his father, who died in 1966.  “I just Googled it, and there it was,” he says of the link to Arthur Dupre’s unit.  When the group’s historian, Joseph Chovelak, responded to Dupre’s e-mail with an envelope of information about the B-29 munitions specialist, “it blew me out of my chair,” says Dupre, a Jacksonville insurance executive.  So he came to the reunion. “I just felt like I needed to,” he says.  “You have to connect.”  Andrea Stone, “WWII veterans’ kids keep reunions, memories alive; Children go to learn of war fathers rarely talked about,” USA Today (ProQuest), Nov. 11, 2003, p A.01


Enter “optimizers” like Winfield.  A Google search for the words search engine optimizers (without quotation marks) yields about 30,000 hits.  The Internet consultants design Web sites and write copy to match what Google's computers look for, such as keywords and links to other sites.  “The quality of the link is far more important than the quantity of the link,” says Shari Thurow, an Illinois-based Web designer for Grantastic Designs.  She’s writing a book about how to profit from Google, titled Just Google It.  Jefferson Graham, “For Google, many retailers eagerly jump through hoops,” USA Today (ProQuest),  Feb. 5, 2004, p A.01


Eventually, after a string of jobs left her feeling perpetually dissatisfied, she sought assistance from a career coach who asked if she had ever heard of Impostor Syndrome.  “I Googled it and realized there are a lot of people with it. No one who is senior vice president of banking would want to admit she doesn't feel up to snuff.”  Leslie Goldman, “You’re a big success (So, why do you feel so small?),” Chicago Tribune (ProQuest), March 30, 2005, p 1


2. Especially in the phrase google up.  to produce (results) of a search on the World Wide Web by using the Google search engine.

This is a cross-post of obvious interest to our list.  I was just telling the poster that I found the quote at the web site for her course (I was trolling for ideas in connection with a new course I’m teaching next year, “Structure and History of English Words”) and then googled up 94 other hits, all attributed to, yes, James D. Nicoll, with no source or even date. {On ADS-L by laurence.horn@YALE.EDU,Net


When Kerry’s team got a pre-announcement tip last week that Raimondo was about to be named, they Googled up the fact that his company had cut jobs at home while opening a plant in China.  They were out with a press release before the announcement-which never came.  “We are pretty nimble,” says Stephanie Cutter, a Kerry spokeswoman. “But the other side will catch up.”   Howard Fineman and Tamara Lipper “People, It’s Only The First Round,” Newsweek (ProQuest), March 22, 2004, p 38

“I always Google before dates. It is a must,” said a 24-year-old researcher at a high-tech magazine in San Francisco, who asked not to be named for fear that someone would Google her. “One time I Googled (actually Nexised and Googled—I’m in research) and found out that my blind date had done the same for me . . . .” They did not go out again. Turned out that Googling each other was about the only thing they had in common.  Hilary E. McGregor, “Don’t Just Stand There—Google; Today’s dating mantra: Before you go out, go online and run a search on your prospect. But it’s hit or miss,” Los Angeles Times (ProQuest), Feb. 9, 2001, p E.1


Grammatical shift: from Google (earliest date USPTO: 1990), trademark for a computer search engine used on the World Wide Web.

Googled, participial adj. (frequency?): He's the hottest literary phenom of the moment, and he's coming to Denver. Dave Eggers, the 29-year-old author of 'A Heartbreaking Work of Staggering Genius' and editor of the quarterly journal McSweeney's, will chat with folks at a private Denver residence on Tuesday. ... Eggers is owner of probably the most Googled name out there right now. His tragic, irreverent memoir is based on his life after his parents died from cancer within five months of each other. There are Internet sites dedicated solely to him. Thousands of reviews have heaped fawning praise on his unquestionably engaging first foray into noveldom.  “Novelist Dave Eggers to speak in Denver,” Denver Post (ProQuest), Sept. 10, 2000, p L.02


googling, verbal n. (frequency?): Googling is “very fun, and it can be funny, and it can be very useful—and you definitely have to take it with a grain of salt,” she said.  Sara Schoenberg, “Dating World Goes a Bit Googly,” The Sunday Capital [Annapolis, Mary.] (, April 22, 2001, p E2

The use of Google as a verb has been recorded in NOAH and more recently in MW11.

gustnado, guhst NAY doh /,gst’nei dou/, n., pl. gustnadoes or gustnados or gustnado.  {w}  Also written gust-nado.  1. a strong gust of wind, especially one from above, that produces effects similar to those of a tornado.  Compare microburst (DC 3.1).  Standard (used in technical North American contexts dealing especially with weather reports; common

A seven weeks’ pregnant woman was rushed to the hospital after being pinned under a giant tree that toppled onto her mobile home in Divernon Tuesday night.   And a small tornado, or “gustnado,” on Springfield’s north end uprooted trees and downed power lines but did minimal damage to residences. Sean Dailey and Frank Fuhrig, “Storms pummel area,” The State Journal-Register [Springfield, Ill.] (Nexis), June 21, 2000, p 1

Meteorologist Dennis McCarthy of the National Weather Service said while damage in Del City was possibly caused by strong wind, the storm in the Mustang area was the result of a miniature tornado, or a “gustnado.” Fred Beeler, also of the National Weather Service, said that type of small tornado doesn’t last long, but can still cause damage to whatever is in its path. … They slip by the radar, then don’t last long enough to be detected.“They’re not rare, but they’re very difficult to forecast or see,” he said.Beeler said the gustnados perhaps could better be classified as “king-sized dustdevils.” Chris Maxon, “Storms’ Victims Seek Housing, Damage Repair,” The Daily Oklahoman [Oklahoma City, Okla.] (Nexis), Oct. 9, 1992, p 9

Let’s not get too close, I’m thinking; let’s not get carried away!  At one point, the tumbleweeds on either side of the road go flying straight up in the air. It’s only what Davies-Jones calls a “gustnado” (a minor vortex), but for a moment it produces the convincing illusion that a funnel is forming directly over our heads.  William Hauptman, “On the dryline; chasing tornadoes in the Texas panhandle with meteorologists from the National Severe Storms Laboratory,” The Atlantic (Nexis), May 1984, p 76

2.  Figurative use. (frequency?)

Could it be true that there wasn’t a “gust-nado” last Sunday? After all, the provincial Liberals had been confined to Maple Leaf Gardens for quite awhile before the doors were opened. Methinks ‘twas hot air.  K. Parker [Toronto], in a letter to the editor in The Toronto Sun [Canada] (Nexis), Dec. 5, 1996, Editorial sect., p 1

1984 (for gustnado); 1996 (for gust-nado).  Composite (compound): formed from gust (OED: 1588) + (tor)nado (OED: 1626), meaning “a whirlwind.”

Previously, dictionary treatment for this term has appeared only in ANW (71.1).

Lenny Skutnik moment, {w}  1. a brief reference during a political speech to a person present who has performed a heroic deed.  Nonstandard (used in a context dealing especially with U.S. politics; rare)

In the first State of the Union address Ronald Reagan had pioneered what came to be called the “Lenny Skutnik moment”—the time when the President would point to a guest sitting next to the First Lady, in the balcony, and explain how this citizen symbolized some important national theme.  . . .  Since then the Lenny Skutnik moment had become obligatory in State of the Union addresses.  But until now no one had thought to use it as a weapon.  James Fellows, “An Acquired Taste,” The Atlantic Monthly (Nexis), July 1, 2000, p 33

2.  the Skutnik.  another name for Lenny Skutnik moment.

Greenfield: It [State of the Union address] was on television in the last days of Harry Truman, and then it was moved to prime time as the White House became more and more conscious of the fact that television could be used to convey an image directly into the American home.  Then it was Ronald Reagan, who began the tradition of what’s called the Skutnik, (ph) that is the hero, finding Leonard Skutnik, the hero of the Air Florida crash, and putting him up in the first lady’s gallery.  Bernard Shaw, Jeff Greenfield et al., “President Clinton’s State of the Union Address” on CNN [Cable News Network] (Nexis), Jan. 27, 1998

Composite (compound): formed from Lenny Skutnik + moment (OED: 1340), as in Perry Mason moment (DC 12.2: 1994).  Compare senior moment (DC 12.1: 1996).

milk-can dinner or milk-can supper, {w}  Also written milk can dinner or milk can supper.  a meal for a large group of people cooked in a large milk can, such as for a picnic.  Compare clambake (DA: 1835).  Nonstandard (used especially in mid-western and western U.S. dialects; common)

Haderlie said the townsfolk spent the entire summer raising  money to send all 16 members of the Gardner family to Sydney.  The fund-raisers ranged from golf tournaments to T-shirt sales to milk-can dinners at the Lincoln County Fair.  A  milk-can dinner consists of throwing everything from potatoes, cabbage, corn, ham, beef, pork, etc. into a old-fashioned covered milk can and cooking  it over an open fire.  Kevin Coleman, “Spotlight on town without stoplight,” The Denver Post (Nexis), Sept. 28, 2000, p D-16

And at the Lincoln County Fair, the Gardners sold milk-can dinners and “Rulon Gardner Olympic” T-shirts–autographed on the spot by Rulon–and raised $4,000 to $5,000 more.  A milk-can dinner is potatoes, carrots, corn, ham, polish sausage, onions and cabbage in a 10-gallon milk can.  Add a quart of water, heat and enjoy. Feeds 30.  Lee Benson, “Family turns out to see Rulon rule,” The Deseret News [Salt Lake City, Utah] (Nexis), Sept. 25, 2000, p A01

Among the curiosities Cox has included is a demanding recipe for Milk-Can  Supper,  “the Western equivalent of clambakes,” she says.  First you dig a shallow pit and build a fire in it.  Then you get yourself a metal milk can and toss into it copious quantities of corn, potatoes, carrots, onions, cabbage, sausage and beer.  After an hour or so over the fire, you are ready to serve about 25 guests.  Peter D. Franklin, “Spirit Of The West’ Is Filled With Sense Of History, Love Of Cooking,” The Stuart News/Port St. Lucie News (Stuart, Fla.), April 10, 1997, p D10

One of her surprising rediscoveries is the gelatin salad.  Amid such frontier food as clear-as-a-bell chokeberry jelly, the “milk can supper” (ranch version of the hands-on clam bake with sausage, corn and potatoes) and muleskinner chili, the molded gelatin salad is still “very much alive and well.”  Angela Allen, “Entree Express Delivers Meals To Your Door,” The Columbian [Vancouver, Wash.] (Nexis), Jan. 28, 1997, p 1

1997 (for milk can supper); (1990) 1997 (for milk can dinner).  Composite (compound): formed from milk can (DC File: 1845, as milk-can; 1853, as milk can) + dinner (OED: 1297); or, supper (BDE: about 1250).

The entry form milk can dinner is covered only in DARE with a date of 1995 and designated as found in the Mid-Western and Western states.  Both terms are probably much earlier:

This recipe comes from Leonard Wiggin. The Wiggins, intrepid Bostonians, homesteaded in northeastern Colorado in the 1870s, during the days of the open range and the big roundups. Milk-can suppers at the Wiggin Ranch near Grover, Colorado, are often followed by a fierce but friendly game of “ten-point pitch,” the still popular card game seen in old westerns. Beverly Cox and Martin Jacobs, Spirit of the West: Cooking from Ranch House and Range, Artisan, 1996,
( milkcan.html)

pin-drop syndrome, {w} Also written pin drop syndrome.  the undesirable psychological effects of a workplace which is very quiet.  Standard (used in contexts dealing especially with business management and social behavior; frequency?)

Utter silence can be torture. That’s what accountants at the British Broadcasting Corp.’s open-area west London office whispered before consultants diagnosed pin-drop syndrome there.  Paul O’Donnell et al., “A Quiet Cure,” Newsweek (Nexis), Nov. 8, 1999, p 8

According to the experts, too-quiet offices are a growing problem. Double glazing, efficient air conditioning and computers that run without internal fans mean that the level of noise is lower than ever.  The problem even has a name—”pin drop syndrome”, which has been investigated by Dr Yong Yan, a sound expert at Greenwich University.  He discovered that the BBC office’s noise level was 20 decibels, quieter than sitting in a garden on a summer’s day.  “Silence is no longer golden,” Western Daily Press [England] (Nexis), Oct. 15, 1999, p 7

Composite (compound): formed from pin-drop (OED: 1816) [ultimately abstracted from hear a pin drop (OEDs: 1814)] + syndrome (OEDs: 1955), as in toxic tv news syndrome (DC 11.2: 1998).  Compare pin-dropping (OEDs: 1971).

swarm intelligence, {w}  behavior as that of a colony of insects that mimics intelligent performance of complex tasks.  Standard (used in technical contexts dealing especially with animal behavior and computers; common)

Nielsen: In the latest issue of the journal Nature, Bonabeau surveys the relatively new and booming field that’s called “swarm intelligence.”  Apparently, there have been many breakthroughs in this field in recent years.  One of them tells us that ants get to food by swarming randomly out of their nests and then converging on the ant trail that leads to the closest source of food.  The trails are marked with chemicals called pheromones.  And if you are an ant, you want to follow the freshest trail you can find.  Bonabeau says shipping companies are now studying  swarm intelligence  in an effort to maximize their efficiency.  So are banks and robot makers and companies that make computer chips.  Jacki Lyden and John Nielsen, “Recent Stories In The Area Of Science,” Weekend All Things Considered on NPR [National Public Radio] (Nexis), July 8, 2000

As alternatives to a robot that dutifully and stupidly does what it is told, other approaches are proving more robust. They are based on models for artificial life such as “swarm intelligence”.  Instead of breaking down complex tasks into a fixed sequence of steps conducted in a carefully modelled world, the robot possesses a set of simple rules for behaviour.  These are applied singly or in combination in response to environmental stimuli. This is a new paradigm: complex behaviour may stem from complex environments rather than complex programs. Nick Beard, “The Age of Intelligent Machines,” a book review in New Scientist [England] (Nexis), March 7, 1992, p 47

1992.  Composite (compound): formed from swarm (OED: c725), as in swarm formation (OEDs: 1946), + intelligence (BDE: about 1380), as in distributed intelligence (DC 4.4: 1979).

turntablism, n. {w}  Also written turntable-ism or turntableism.  a style of music characterized by mixing a variety of rock styles from several records played on phonographs.  Compare scratch (OEDas1).   Standard (used in contexts dealing especially with music; frequent)

You could say that they’re both super-sweet–the former in taste and the latter in sound.  “Twix Mix,” Seattle [Wash.] Post-Intelligencer (Nexis), Sept. 23, 2000, p C1

This is DJ school in Des Moines, where students learn the fine art of  turntablism—how to mix and manipulate sounds using LPs playing on one or more turntables.  The turntable becomes a musical instrument in its own right.  “Students learn spin from the mix master,” The Des Moines [Iowa] Register (Nexis), Aug. 5, 2000, p 1

For years now, the trio’s music has been based on the breadth of its members’ interests, and at certain points the combination of those interests seemed a tad contrived—for instance, last year’s venture into turntablism.  But Tonic’s return to an acoustic setup has roused the coherence of the band’s concerns. They want to strut, they want to drift, they want to flail.  Jim Macne, “Tonic; Review; sound recording review,” Down Beat (Nexis), Aug. 1, 2000, p 67

1997 (as turntablism); 1998 (as turntable-ism); 1999 (as turntableism).  Composite (suffixation): formed, perhaps by suffix substitution, from turntabl(ist) (DC file: 1996) + -ism (OED: 1433), as in conspiricism (DC 11.1: 1992).

turntabler, n. (infrequent): A top turntabler gets the break he’s been looking for in the fashion world.  Mark Small is providing a hiphop soundtrack to the opening of a wicked new clothes shop tomorrow.  Wittily-titled The Shop, the shop will stock exclusive, funky and hip skatewear—which can also be worn by those of us without a little board with wheels on.  “Listen up and get skates on Sub Head,” Evening Herald [Plymouth, England] (Nexis), Sept. 17, 1999, p 32

DJ Lushus Lix spins at Buddies In Bad Times Theatre (720 Bathurst), a guest turntabler holds court in the adjoining Tallulah’s Cabaret. $12 advance, $15 door.  Kieran Grant, “Get Out And Ring In A New Year Lots Of Places To Jump, Jive, Laugh, Eat, Drink And Make Merry At The Onset Of 1999,” The Toronto Sun [Canada] (Nexis), Dec. 23, 1998, p 6

turntabling, verbal n. (infrequent): Underlying much of “Poquito” are the subtle hands of Garcia’s programming and DJ Mr. Cho’s turntabling—dropping scratches, samples and synthesizers to emphasize a beat, stretch a note and set a new-century mood that does not stray far from its polyrhythmic tradition of the 1-2-1-2-3 beat.  Prominent in nearly every track is the all-important rhythm section of percussion (congas, timbales, batas, bongos) and horns.  Daniel Chang, “New twists on an existing sound,” The Orange County [Calif.] Register (Nexis), Feb. 11, 2000, p F11

As more hip-hop fans turn to underground groups for cutting-edge turntabling, mainstream artists like LL are going to have to work harder to keep the public interested. Fortunately for LL, he’ll always have his velvet tongue and his bare chest.  Lee Hildebrand et al., “LL Shows Sensitivity Is Cool,”
The San Francisco Chronicle
(Nexis), Oct. 12, 1997, p 48

turntablist, n. Also written turntable-ist or turntableist.  (frequent): Besides, he’s not exactly been operating as a fringe-dweller.  In his pre-Play years, the Connecticut native reigned as the king of techno, a one-time turntablist who combined disco beats and punk-rock venom for the New York underground dance scene of the late ‘80s.  Kerry Gold, “Making waves: Pop sensation Moby, who comes to the Plaza of Nations Tuesday, proves he’s more than a Christian vegan wacko,” The Vancouver Sun [Canada] (Nexis), Sept. 9, 2000, p E16

Stretch that shit out over an album, and you’ll see a nigga’s gotta go to school if he or she wants to really get with what the turntablist is doing.  The power of the interplay between lyrical and music- or noise-oriented content increases in almost direct proportion to listeners’ knowledge of such things.  Donnell Alexander, “DJs Turn The Tables On Music,” LA [Los Angeles] Weekly (Nexis), Jan. 24, 1997, p 35

The multitalented extended group, including Q-Bert, Mix Master Mike, Apollo, Shortkut, and Disk, who recently left to form a band with Buckethead, has been busy winning DJ battle contests all over the world, doing concerts, putting out mix tapes and records, and collaborating with a diverse array of musicians, including Bill Laswell, Branford Marsalis, Dr. Octogon (aka Kool Keith), Ras Kass, Saafir, and MCM & the Monster; all the while keeping the art form of the “turntablist” alive.  “When we perform live we use a lot of turntable orchestration and sound manipulation, usually with three DJs on three turntables,” says Q-Bert.  Silke Tudor, “Wammies 1996,” SF [San Francisco] Weekly (Nexis), Nov. 13, 1996, p not given

turntablist, adj. Also written turntable-ist or turntableist.  (frequent): Surrounded by milk crates stuffed with old LPs (a DJ’s lifeblood), the Beat Junkies crew, featuring the indefatigable DJ Babu, also demonstrated turntablist skills in a brief but technically dazzling set.  Neva Chonin, “Hip-Hop Evolves, Independently,” The San Francisco Chronicle (Nexis), Sept. 20, 2000, p C1

England’s Ninja Tune label (created by Coldcut, i.e., DJs Matt Black and Jonathon More) has long been at the forefront of the turntablist movement, promoting inventive DJing by releasing radically remixed slabs of vinyl that can be loosely categorized as straddling the trip-hop/drum n bass styles.  “Scoring The Clubs,” LA Weekly (Nexis), Feb. 21, 1997, p 115

turntably, adj. (rare): If Australia’s The Cruel Sea were any more laid-back we’d be calling them “carpet”.  OK, so they turn out some manic twangin’ bar-room boogie with  turntably bits on this album, but this band that seems to pride itself on being a bit hodge-podge seems most comfortable playing tunes for those hammock-and-cold-one occasions.  Stefan Herrick et al., “Entertainment plus,” The Evening Post [Wellington, N.Z.] (Nexis), Sept. 24, 1998, p 24

uptalk, n. {w}  1.  Also written up-talk or up talk.  a speech pattern in which declarative sentences end with the intonation of an interrogative sentence.  Standard (used in contexts dealing especially communications; common)

Plaints about the imminent demise of the language are made in every century.  But there is usually nothing inherently wrong with most changes the purists deplore.  Young Californians’  uptalk  (sentences that sound like questions) is no more pusillanimous or noncommittal than Canadians’ habitual “eh?”  Steven Pinker, “The Typo-Infested E-Mails Will Not Ruin The English Language,” Seattle Post-Intelligencer (Nexis), Jan. 2, 2000, p H3

Nash says he went cold turkey on dysfunction when he “got tired of being  an alcoholic” at age 23 and realized that his addiction to addiction was  making him talk funny.  “I was using  uptalk?  Where you end all your sentences on an up note?”  Nash says. “Now I call it the AA lilt? It’s supposed to convey intimacy?”  Taylor Ward, “Meet the family of one,” St. Petersburg [Fla.] Times (Nexis), Feb. 28, 1997, p 6T

Uptalk did indeed originate on the West Coast, Becker said, but in recent years it has oozed all over the country.  It began as a feature of valley speak, the adolescent argot native to the San Fernando Valley and immortalized by the valley girl, but now uptalk has taken on a life of its own.  Once a fad restricted to teen-agers, uptalk now afflicts people up to their late 20s, according to Becker.  Diane White, “OK, let’s talk about speech idiosyncracies,” The Houston Chronicle (Nexis), July 26, 1995, p 3

2.  Attributive use. 

How much? he asked.  “Forty-two dollars?” she responded in that extremely unreassuring uptalk manner in which every statement sounds like a question. “It’s on the back of the ticket?” Then she hung up.  Jeffrey Page, “Once More On Pregnancy,” The Record [Bergen County, N.J.] (Nexis), March 11, 1996, p A03

—v.i.  Also written up-talk.  to speak with a rising intonation at the end of a declarative sentence.

They wear organza, sequins, flounce skirts and pouts.  They look angry and sleek, and they remind me of the Carnegie Hill girls in my high school who used to buy expensive sandwiches and uptalk.  And just like during high school, I half hate these girls and half want to be them.  They’re evil and brainless, and they make me feel horribly inadequate.  Amy Sohn, “You Never Forget The First Time,” The New York Post (Nexis), Sept. 14, 1999, p 024

But people who uptalk tend to end every sentence in a question.  “So I went to the mall, OK? And I, like, found this great shirt? And it was on sale, OK? And so I bought it?” Diane White, “OK, let’s talk about speech idiosyncracies,” The Houston Chronicle (Nexis), July 26, 1995, p 3

Oh, boy.  Yes, the televised Simpson trial achieved new soap-operatic depths of weirdness last week, when the latest Simpson flavor of the month, Kato Kaelin, uptalked his way through volleys of questions by prosecution and defense. Kinney Littlefield, “O.C. may be on brink of its own TV sitcom for next season,” The Orange County [Calif.] Register (Nexis), March 26, 1995, p F32

Composite (compound): formed from up- (OED: 1677), as in uplink (BDNE3), + talk (OED: c1475). 

uptalker n. Also written up-talker. (infrequent): Chung: (Voiceover) We wanted to see how widespread and contagious it is, so we packed up and drove to Villanova University to find uptalkers.  We said we were doing a piece on campus life. “New Trend Taking Over Country Called Uptalk,” Eye To Eye With Connie Chung on CBS News (Nexis),  Oct. 18, 1993

uptalking, n.  Also written up-talking.  (common?): You know uptalking.  It’s when your answer sounds like a question, as in Marcia Clark asking Kato who lived in Simpson’s main house, as opposed to the guest house, and Kato answering “O.J. in the main house?” Now uptalking is a weird affectation.  It’s a very tentative approach to statement-making, as if all those darned facts are too slippery to stay on your tongue as you speak.  Kinney Littlefield, “O.C. may be on brink of its own TV sitcom for next season,” The Orange County [Calif.] Register (Nexis), March 26, 1995, p F32

And it’s very, to me, disheartening because everywhere you go, you start to hear these same, I guess they are, cliches used and there’s just a sameness that permeates the culture.  Just like  uptalking  has taken over the culture, this is something else.  And I think that your hitting on this, discussing this is terrific. “Prevalance Of Pop Psychology And How It Affects Our Ability To Grieve Authentically,” Talk Of The Nation on NPR [National Public Radio] (Nexis), July 26, 1999

uptalking, participial adj. (frequency?): CHUNG: (Voiceover) We even ran into a couple of uptalking sisters, both recent college graduates.  Sylvie was the better uptalker of the two . . .

SYLVIE: So I was on a team?  I was on the track team for two years?  “New Trend Taking Over Country Called Uptalk,” Eye To Eye With Connie Chung on CBS News (Nexis),  Oct. 18, 1993

The term uptalk, and its inflected form uptalking, are recorded previously only in ANW (AmSp 69.2) and RWCD (n.d.).  The attributive use, participial adj., agentive derivation in -er, and the open compound variant are unrecorded before this treatment.


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